What is a Fletching Jig (tool)?

What do you need to start archery?

Items You Need to Get Started

These are things you simply cannot do without, because they’re essential to the sport of archery, whether you’re just playing around in the backyard or getting ready to take your archery out onto the competition range or the hunting lands.

The Bow
Choosing the Right Gear is vital. Recurve bows are the only bows the Olympics allow. Compound bows are known for their widespread use in field and 3D archery, and bowhunting. Archers shoot traditional bows in all major types of archery.

The Bow Stringer
A bow stringer is the single most important bow accessory to have. Stringing and unstringing your bow correctly keeps the archer and bow safe. Not using a bow stringer can cause your bow to break, personal/bystander injury, or a twisted bow limb that cannot hold a string safely.

There are many things to determine when choosing your arrows. 
1) Determine your draw length
2) Choose arrow length
3) Choose arrow weight
4) Determine the spine of the arrow

Nocking Points
The purpose of a nock point is to give a constant place on your bow string onto nock your arrow.

There are many types of targets.
1) Bag Targets
2) Foam Layer Block Targets
3) 3D Practice Targets
4) Paper Targets ...

Recommended, but Not Required Items

This list will let you know some items that are nice to have, but you do not absolutely have to invest in them right away. Most of these items are comfort-related, though, so you may consider purchasing or making the first two items no matter what, just to make sure you can get the most enjoyment possible out of the sport.

Arm Guard
A bracer (or arm-guard) is a strap or sheath, commonly made of leather, stone, or plastic that covers the inside of an archer's arm to protect it while shooting. Bracers protect the inside of the archer's forearm against injury by the string of the bow or the fletching of the arrow.

Glove or Finger Tabs
In archery, a finger tab or archer tab is a small leather or synthetic patch that protects an archer's fingers from the bowstring. It is strapped or otherwise attached to an archer's hand. In summertime, tabs are far more comfortable than gloves and can more conveniently use thicker material.

Arrow Rest
When the bow is at rest, the cord holds the rest flat against the shelf. As the archer draws and the limb flexes, the rest pops up to support the arrow at full draw. When the string is released, the cord pulls the rest out of the way of the arrow.

Broadhead Wrench
A Broadhead Wrench has a multi-groove opening that accommodates 3, 4, and 5 blade fixed blade broadheads. Easily tighten and remove your broadheads without cutting your fingertips. Compact and easy to use, this is a must-have for your broadhead box or bow case. 

Bow String Wax 
Applying wax to a bowstring is simple. Most bowstring wax comes in a stick, like deodorant. Just rub the stick up and down the string to apply wax, and then rub it into the string by running your thumb and forefinger up and down the string. Use enough pressure so that your fingers heat up. That will cause the string to melt between your fingers as you work it up and down the string.

The rest of these items are handy, but they are not necessary to have. 

Bow designers have developed several types of sights so that you can have greater success at hitting that bull’s-eye.  

1) Fixed Pin 
2) Moveable Pin Sights
3) Pendulum sights
4) Target sights ...

Many types. 

Belt quiver. The most common style of quiver is a flat or cylindrical container suspended from the belt. ...
Back quiver. Back quivers are secured to the archer's back via straps, with the nock ends protruding above the dominant hand's shoulder. ...
Ground quiver. ...
Bow quiver. ...
Arrow bag. ...
Japanese quivers.

String Whisker Silencers 
Keeping your bow quiet is a high priority to a bowhunter. Keeping deer or other game from "jumping" the bow string can be the difference from a kill, miss, or even worse, a wounded animal.

In summary, this list of items should get you started, as well as give you a wish list of items to buy as you build your skill as an archer and branch out to other forms of archery.